The Kampung Hulu Mosque

Masjid Kampung Hulu or the Kampung Hulu Mosque, as viewed from the adjacent streets. Built in 1728, it is the first mosque to be built in Melaka after the Portuguese destroyed all mosques in Melaka when they captured Melaka in 1511. It is the oldest mosque still in use located at its original site. (@ all rights reserved)
Masjid Kampung Hulu or the Kampung Hulu Mosque, as viewed from the adjacent streets. Built in 1728, it is the first mosque to be built in Melaka after the Portuguese destroyed all mosques in Melaka when they captured Melaka in 1511. It is the oldest mosque still in use located at its original site. (@ all rights reserved)

When the Portuguese captured Melaka back in 1511, all traces of the Melaka Sultanate with regards to its position as the centre of Malay civilization and culture were systematically wiped out.

And since Melaka’s Malay civilization was very much based on Islamic teachings, it therefore meant that all physical traces of Islam in Melaka, be it mosques, madrasah and maahad (institutions and schools of Islamic learning) also fell victim to the Portuguese’s cleansing of the captured city.

Hence to this day, no traces of the royal palaces of the great Melaka Sultans nor their tombs and the tombs of notables of the Melaka Malay Sultanate including that of that great kingmaker, Tun Perak, nor the great mosques of the Sultanate including the very first mosque to be ever built in Melaka, can be found.

(@ all rights reserved)
(@ all rights reserved)

So thorough and absolute was the cleansing of Melaka that there was no mosque in Melaka until 1728, 217 years after the Portuguese first captured Melaka when a mosque finally appeared on the Melaka landscape.

The irony in the whole episode is that the mosque, Masjid Kampung Hulu, which still stands today at the very site it was built, was built with the permission and the financial support of the Dutch East Hindia Company or commonly known by their Dutch initials, VOC, during the Dutch occupation of Melaka, who themselves had defeated the Portuguese and in turn captured Melaka in 1624.

The cannon at the entrance to the mosque. (@ all rights reserved)
The cannon at the entrance to the mosque. (@ all rights reserved)

The task of building the mosque was assigned to one Dato’ Samsuddin bin Arom, an immigrant from China, presumably a trader, who himself is a Muslim convert.

Unto his shoulders were assigned the task of building the first mosque in Melaka, the first since the Portuguese captured Melaka in 1511. The original design was later improved further by Sheikh Al Omar bin Hussain Al Attas.

Today, Masjid Kampung Hulu is recognised as the oldest mosque in the country that is not only still in use but still located also at its original site, that is today at the junction between Jalan Masjid Kampung Hulu and Jalan Masjid in central Melaka city.

The drum placed above the main entrance to the mosque. Normally sounded to announce prayer times before the muezzin calls for prayers. In the good old days, also used to announce the breaking of fast. (@ all rights reserved)
The drum placed above the main entrance to the mosque. Normally sounded to announce prayer times before the muezzin calls for prayers. In the good old days, also used to announce the breaking of fast. (@ all rights reserved)

The mosque’s architecture was strongly influenced by the architecture of mosques found in Java, that other bastion of the VOC in the East.

However, instead of being made of wood as were the mosques in Java, the Kampung Hulu mosque was built using bricks and stones.

If the exterior was much influenced by Javanese architecture, the interior of the mosque however showed influences from China’s Ching Dynasty, with the mosque’s interior furbished using ceramic and floor tiles that were brought in from Ching Dynasty China.

The cemetery within the grounds of Masjid Kampung Hulu. The graves are believed to be very old graves, based on the tombstones used. As per Muslim custom, the departed are buried facing Mecca. (@ all rights reserved)
The cemetery within the grounds of Masjid Kampung Hulu. The graves are believed to be very old graves, based on the tombstones used. As per Muslim custom, the departed are buried facing Mecca. (@ all rights reserved)

The mosque is buffeted from the outside world by a low brick wall, marking the mosque’s boundaries.

Inside the mosque’s ground can also be found a burial ground, which judging from the tombstones in view, indicate that these graves are quite old, with the tombstones’ markings either erased from the effects of the weather or barely legible anymore.

Upon setting sight on the mosque, it can be noticed that the main roof of the mosque is 3-tiered, with the highest tier representing ‘Man’s faith in The All Mighty’, followed by ‘The Brotherhood of Man’, and last but not least ‘The Universe connecting Man to The Creator’.

The interior of Masjid Kampung Hulu. Taking pride of place at the head of mosque is the mimbar (pulpit), where the imam delivers his weekly khutbah (sermon) during Friday prayers. (@ all rights reserved)
The interior of Masjid Kampung Hulu. Taking pride of place at the head of mosque is the mimbar (pulpit), where the imam delivers his weekly khutbah (sermon) during Friday prayers. (@ all rights reserved)

Four main pillars support the mosque’s roof with supporting pillars positioned elsewhere in the mosque.

As you are about to enter the mosque, one can sight a large oblong shaped drum placed on top of the entrance. In the old days, it is usual practice that mosque’s personnel, most likely the muezzin, would sound the drum before sounding the azan calling for prayer.

Likewise, it is also practice, in the old days, that the drum would be sounded when its iftar time, the time to break fast during the holy month of Ramadan, when Muslims fast from sunrise to sunset.

At the entrance of the mosque, two small cannons are placed to welcome guests. Nearby, a pool of running water is situated, to facilitate ablution for they who come to perform their prayers.

Inside the mosque, taking pride of place at the head of the mosque is the mimbar, where the imam would normally deliver his sermon during the weekly Friday prayers. The design of the mimbar is quite similar to those that, in my view, can be found in the mosques of old in Java.

Masjid Kampung Hulu - unassuming and quaint, serenity and solitude (@ all rights reserved)
Masjid Kampung Hulu – unassuming and quaint, serenity and solitude (@ all rights reserved)

One cannot help but feel a sense of being suspended as if transported back in time when stepping into the mosque. This is a mosque which is already 286 years old and the first mosque to be built after 217 years since the Portuguese captured Melaka.

It is unassuming and quaint and is still at the site where it was first built, with the architecture of the main section of the mosque still in its original design.

It has seen the presence of the Dutch, the British, the Japanese and the British again before finally seeing the country gaining independence. A lot of water has flowed under the bridge and it still there, quaint and unassuming, providing solace and solitude for they who yearn and in search of it, for time seems to be left at the entrance when one sets foot passed the main entrance.

Imagine the millions who had passed through the gates of the mosque to perform prayers and to learn about the Faith and to bury the dead ever since it was first built in 1728 til today. Imagine the stories that can be told if only it is possible, the role that the mosque played in the Muslim community in Melaka since it first came into being and then and only then can one sense the history that is the Kampung Hulu Mosque.

A humbling experience indeed.

 

Date : 1 September 2014

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